Global Social Policy: An Application of Welfare State Theory

Main Article Content

Dr Muhammad Iqbal
Dr Muhammad Habib
Hassan Ahmed


This research delves into the complex landscape of Global Social Policy (GSP), exploring its evolution and challenges in the context of global political dynamics. The study employs a theoretical foundation rooted in Welfare State Theory, examining the transition from national to global welfare frameworks. The problem statement highlights dilemmas arising from the "competition state" model and neoliberal hegemony, compounded by the absence of a cohesive global movement for GSP. The research objectives involve synthesizing theories of national welfare state development, analyzing GSP's evolution, investigating political determinants, exploring transnational alliances, and offering policy implications. The literature review traces the evolution of Welfare State Theory, emphasizing the intersection of industrialization and GSP. Marxist perspectives navigate dilemmas in the globalizing phase, scrutinizing capitalism's flux, the welfare state crisis, neoliberal hegemony, and regional dynamics like the EU paradox. Global social transfers are examined through a Marxist lens, probing their role in responding to global capitalism's inherent challenges. The influence of political institutions, including major international entities, is explored, underscoring their impact on GSP. The research methodology employs secondary qualitative analysis, drawing from diverse sources to unravel GSP complexities. The analysis and results reveal important findings, challenging deterministic economic explanations and emphasizing the intertwining of political dynamics in shaping GSP globally.

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How to Cite
Iqbal, M., Habib, M., & Ahmed, H. (2023). Global Social Policy: An Application of Welfare State Theory. JOURNAL OF LAW, SOCIAL AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES, 2(2), 136–143. Retrieved from
Author Biography

Dr Muhammad Iqbal, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Newports Institute of Communication and Economics, Karachi, Pakistan.